Significant Milestones in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Because of its importance in our lives, it is best if we take a look at the changes that have taken place since it was discovered. In the past, in Ancient Mesopotamia bitumen a hardened substance was used in ship construction and holding jewelry together. In Egypt, it was used to solidify the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and motor led to increased curiosity about oil among people.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The next discovery to be made as you will find here, was the spring pole. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. With the introduction of steam to power ,the spring pole salt extraction proceeded at higher rates. A chemist at Yale by the name Benjamin Silliman discovered more about distillation of oil into Kerosene that could be used in lamps to provide lighting and even cook. After the discovery by Benjamin, there was more interest in this product and commercial extraction could be seen as you’ll see here.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. More oil deposits were also discovered deeper in the earth. However there were hard sediments that made drilling difficult hence the need for improved equipment. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. An instance, is the ability of a rig to move on its own as well to extract oil from a number of fields.